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348                                   PLOBA IOTICA.                    [Papaveracea.
tioles; of which the latter have interrupted vascular handles. These peculiarities he
quotes as grave reasons against associating Nelumbiwn and Nymyhaa together; they
are of great interest in a physiological point of view, hut of no weight in a systematic
one, especially as they accompany a very different habit.
Amongst the many minor points of affinity between Nelumbiacece and the conti-
guous Orders, which have not been alluded to nnder NympJiaacea, are the milky
jtdce, which they have in common with Nym$k<$ace$ and Papaveracea, the resem-
blance of the imbricated, deciduous sepals and petak to' those of Berleridecu, the
adnate anthers, and the appendage to the filaments. la addition it may be remarked
that Nelumtiacea are not allied, even distantly, to any other natural family what-
ever. Trecul remarks a tendency to sutural dehiscenee in the carpels.
Several species of this genus have been described, but it. is doubtful whether there
are more than two, an American yellow-flowered one, and the pink or white Indian
one (the Lotus, or Sacred Bean of India), which is said by Herodotus aud Theophras-
tus to have been a native of Egypt, where it is not now found. The .seeds and rhi-
zomes arc eatable.
Character ordinis.
1. N. fipeciosnm (Willd. Sp. PLii. 1258); floribus albis roseisve.
—EG. 8gd. ii. 44, Prod. i. 311; 3ot. Mag. t. 903; Led. Fl. Eos*, i.
83; WlgU et Am. Prod. i. 16; Roxb. II. Ind. 647; Wight, III t. 9.
N. Asiaticum, Rich. Ann. Mus. xvii. 249. t. 9, semen, vtc. Nelumbo nu-
cifera, Gartn. Fruct. I 73. t. 19./ 2. N. Indica, J?oir.Dict. iv. 453.
CyamusNelumbo, Smith, $*oL Bot. i. 59. t. 31-32. C. mysticus, foliti.
Ann. Bot. if. 75. Nymphsea Nelumbo, Idnn. Sfy. ?l. 730..
HA$. Per totam Jndiam calidam divulgatum, sed saepe (ap. semper?)
introductum: in Kashmir in lacu prope urbem, alt. 5300 ped,, vulgare!
—(FL tempore pluvioso.) (v. v.)
BISTKIB. Mare Caspicum 1 et Aral; Persia!; ins. Malayanis et Phi-
lippinis I China! Japonia; Australia tropica 1
Petioli et peduncvli supra aquam cxscrti, tuberculis retroraia jcaberuli v. laives,
vasis spiralibus repleti, succo lackj scatentes. Folia 1-2 ped. diam.., exacte peltata,
glabra, margine subundulata, subtus paUidior^, nervia promimilis. Floret ampli,
4-6 unc. diam. Auiherce connectivo in appendicem subclavatam producto. Torus
fructus 2-4 unc. diam. N-uces magnitudine pisi vel cerasi parvi
Sepafa 2, rarius 3, decidua. Petala 4, rarius 6, hypogyna, «estiva-
tione plcrumque plicata. Stamina libera indefiwita, rarius definite, liy-
pogyua; anthem libcris 2-locularibus lougitudinaliter dehisoentibus.
Ovariutit Hberum, e carpeliis 2 y. pluiribus compositnm (rariasime car-
pellis discretis); .ovuk pluvima (nirissime solitaria), pkcentis latins-.
culis inserta, nnatropa y. ampliitropa. Stylus terminalis y* nullog.
Stiymata radiantia, saepe bicrura et ob crura oonnata quasi placentLs
opposita, Fructus siccus, capsularis, rurius baccatus, 1-locularis r.
scptis.incompletis multilocukris, iudehiscens v. valvis brevibos dehi-
sceiis, Semlna plurima, eiarillata, funiculo brevi. Albumen oopio-